Bakeries Pompeii Reviews
FEW THINGS ABOUT BAKERIES and BREAD in POMPEII Dec 31, 2010
Pompeii's remains show that buying bread in the city was as common as it is today.If some homes in Pompeii baked their own bread,most of the Pompeians bought their bread from bakeries or temporary stalls set up at different parts of the town.
At least 35 bakeries(pistrina)have been identified,easily recognized by the presence of mills and woodburning ovens.
The mills are made of lava rock,a very compact and porous stone which did not leave fragments in the flour and under the Pompeian's teeth.
The hourglass millstones consists of 2 elements:
-the lower one,the meta,set on a base of masonry was conical in shape and surrounded by a paved area.
-the upper one(catillus)is mobile,its movement was powered by means of a handle inserted laterally pushed by donkeys or slaves.
There was a collar fit around the 2 parts to capture grains and flour.
The dough was usually prepared by hands but the archaelogists have found a breadmaking machine with large paddles! and shaped by hands.Most of the raised breads were round in shape with a double cross to make the breaking of the bread easier.
Then the bread was baked in ovens alongside the mills,they were heated by burning vine wood.
Bread was one of the main staples of the Pompeian food.Pompeians ate bread with most meals:with fruits,dipped in olive oil or used with sauces and stews.If poor people ate unleavened bread,wealthy liked their raised loaves white(color was one of the main tests of quality)...
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