Ankara is the capital city of Turkey, in the region called Central Anatolia. The article that states that Ankara is the capital city was added to the constitution on 19 October 1923, which is 4 days earlier than the establishment of Turkish Republic. Until then, Istanbul had been the capital of Ottoman Empire.
Ankara was founded nearly 3000 years ago. Galatias called the place “Ankyra” which means that a thing that stops somebody, or block somebody’s way, which is also related to the word “anchor” in modern languages.
It is though that the founder of Ankara could be either the king of Phrygia Gordios, or his son Midas.
The area was occupied by Hittites, Phrygians, Lydian, Persians, Macedonians, Galatians, Romans, Seljuks, Ottomans, and for a brief time Mongloians. The Castle of Ankara was built by Galatians, and there are other artefacts such as the pillar of Julianus, the temple of Augustus, Roman Baths built by Romans.
Ankara is in between 38 43 40 41 North Parallels, and 30 51 34 05 East Meridians, the acreage of Ankara is 24 978 km2 (247.104 acre). The city is built on the plains of Ankara which is 850 meter higher than see level. Ankara is the second most populated city of Turkey, and it has 24 towns; Akyurt, Altındağ, Ayaş, Bâla, Beypazarı, Çamlıdere Çankaya, Çubuk, Elmadağ, Etimesgut, Evren, Gölbaşı, Güdül, Haymana, Kalecik, Kazan, Keçiören, Kızılcahamam, Mamak, Nallıhan, Polatlı, Sincan, Şereflikoçhisar, Yenimahalle adlarını taşımaktadır.
In general, the population of Ankara is dominated by students due to the number universities in the area, and civil servants and government officials, since the ministries, and the directorships of institutions in the city. Kizilay, Bahcelievler, Tunali are the famous town centres that attract population daily due to work or entertainment.
Ankara has a continental climate, with cold, snowy winters due to its elevation and inland location, and hot, dry summers.