Almendres Cromlech, Portugal
Almendres Cromlech Reviews
Fabulous! Sep 11, 2010
The Cromeleque dos Almendres, or the Almendres Cromlech is a megalithic complex and one of the earliest public monuments in human history.
It is the largest existing group of structured menhirs in the Iberian Peninsula and one of the largest in Europe.
The Almendres Cromlech was built during the Neolithic period (5000 – 4000 BC), but wasn’t found until 1964. It consists of 92 menhirs of different sizes that were built oriented to different equinox directions. An equinox occurs twice a year, when the tilt of the earth’s axis is equal to the sun. This makes the centre of the sun in the same place as the earth’s centre.
It is believed that the monument had religious purposes and functioned as a primitive astronomical observatory. About a dozen menhirs have carved drawings, which may have served for finer astronomical observation, for instance spring equinox.
Part of the Portugal 2010 travel blog
Part of the list Pretty Portugal
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