1. náměstí

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1. náměstí, Most, Czech Republic

1. náměstí Most Reviews

german_eagle german_e…
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The 1st square Oct 04, 2016
It's a pecularity in Most that the squares have numbers, not names. You might think that's because it's a new city, but no, it was the same in the old town. The 1st square is the main square of Most. The surrounding buildings are all modern, of course, but to my disappointment not all of them are from the communist era. On the southwest corner an apartment block with shopping mall "Central" was erected a few years ago. It has the typical chain stores that you see anywhere in Central Europe, except maybe Bata, the shoe store that origins in the Czech Republic. Anyway, what annoyed me wth this shopping mall was that it blocks the view of the square and the "older" public buildings from the main streets in that southwestern corner, where the tram/bus stop is and you arrive to visit this square, which is now sort of out of the way, hidden behind the mall.

Two buildings dominated the 1st square before the mall was built: the town hall (Magistrat) and the theatre (Mestske divadlo), both typical 1970s architecture. Pic 11 shows the square, seen from the new bank building (a rather well designed new building), with the theatre right, town hall in the middle and apartment block/shopping mall left. Pic 1 is the view in opposite direction, from the town hall: Theatre left, apartment block right, in front of it the Renaissance fountain and in the centre, farther back, the plague column. The Renaissance fountain was created by Vincent Petrasch end of the 16th century, the Czech lion figure holding the coat-of-arms of the city is a Baroque addition, a work of J. A. Dietz from 1729. The plague column commemorates the 1,100 victims of the plague in Most and surroundings in the year 1680. It's a very beautiful work of Pietro de Toscana from 1681. On top are the figures of St. Anna and Mary with baby Jesus, at the foot are sculptures depicting the four Saint patrons against the plague: Rosalie of Palermo, Agnes of Rome, Sebastian and Rochus. Another monument reminds of T. G. Masaryk, founder and first president of Czechoslovakia (pic 5).

Next to the theatre is a small monument, easily overlooked, for Florian Leopold Gassmann, opera and oratorio composer who was born in Most/Brüx 1729 and died in Vienna 1774. He initiated the founding of the Tonkünstler Society in Vienna and was Chief Conductor at the Imperial Court in Vienna, also teacher of Antonio Salieri (pic 6). On pic 9 you see four Baroque sculptures in the back of the town hall, allegories of the four natural powers earth, air, fire and water. They are works of Michael Jan Josef Brokoff, son of famous Jan Brokoff, created in 1715.
1st square
1st square
1st square
1st square
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photo by: german_eagle